South District of Sikkim lies at an altitude of 400 mtr to 2000 mtr with unique and countryside escape of endless waves of agricultural fields and the terraced slopes, intercepted by spring patched forests and encompasses a total area of around 75000 hectares. Area wise, it is the smallest district of Sikkim and population-wise, second one. Its total population is 1,46,742 (as per 2011 census) among which 76,663 are male and 68,241 female. Namchi or Namtse (meaning Sky High) is the headquarter of South Sikkim, which is nestled among the hills having elevation of 5500 fts and which commands panoramic view of snowcapped mountains and vast stretches of valley. Namchi is around 78 km away from the capital Gangtok and is the closest major Sikkim city to Siliguri (around 85 km), which is gateway to enter in Sikkim from West Bengal. The nearest railway station is New Jalpaiguri (NJP) (around 105 km) and nearest Airport is Bagdogra (around 110 km) from Namchi. The Melli check post is the entry point to South District from West Bengal.
Simple and religious people, some of the oldest monasteries, great scenic beauty, agricultural society and peace & tranquility is the identity of South Sikkim and it is known as fastest growing industrial area. South Sikkim has variety of climatic conditions and average annual rainfall of 162.5 cms. Maximum temperature recorded so far on the average is 17-27 Degree Celsius and minimum 02-21 Degree Celsius. Ngadak Gumpa in Namchi and Ralong Gumpa in Ravangla are among the oldest monasteries of South Sikkim. Siddhesvara Dham is situated atop Solophok hilltop, 5 km from Namchi, has a 108 ft tall statue of Shiva, replicas of 12 Jyotirlingas, models of sacred Chardham Hindu Temples of Jagannath, Badrinath, Dwaraka and Rameswaram and a 18-feet statue of Kirateshwar a hunter incarnation of Shiva. 135 ft statue of Guru Padmasambhava is built at Samdruptse in Namchi which is surrounded by lush green forest and is located below the famous Tendong Hills. Other important places are Ravangla, Tendong Hills, Mainam Hill, Borong and Jorethang. Namchi has been identified as the land or orchids and other variety of flowers.
Namchi and Ravangla are sub-divisions of the district and Namchi, Jorethang, Melli and Ravangla are important towns. Kitam Bird Sanctuary, which is around 14 km from Namchi at an altitude of 2200 ft, is the only low altitude sanctuary in Sikkim, spread over 6 kms of area. South district has 8 Assembly Constituencies, 2 Municipal Councils, 14 Municipal Wards, 28 Zilla Territorial Constituencies, 48 Gram Panchayat Units and 283 Wards.
In the vein of other districts of Sikkim, the South district is not behind in any case whether talking about its natural splendor or fresh towns. Namchi, being the headquarters of the South Sikkim district, enjoys the authority over the region. The striking tourist attractions of the district offer many reasons to visit the place for once. Subsequently, there are many tours that can be taken in South Sikkim.
After East Sikkim District, this is the only district that embraces a major part of Sikkim’s population. On account of accessibility of plain lands, South district is also the most commercialized district of Sikkim. Temi Tea Garden distinguishes the South district for being among the leading tea producer of India. Ranging between the altitudes of 400 meters to 2000 meters, South Sikkim District observes temperate climate for most of the time. There are numerous sight-seeing points, monasteries, gardens, hills, waterfalls and trekking zones that really allure anyone to come here. The natural splendor in the district is not less bewitching and engages the spectator in its heavenly charm. In this section, we will discuss the various tourist attractions of South Sikkim to give you a comprehensive idea about the touring places. Read further to know about the tours to South Sikkim in India.
|Area||750 sq. kms.|
|Population (2011 census)||1,46,850|
Max : 17 – 27 degree C
Min : 02 – 21 degree C
|Annual Rainfall||162.5 cms|
Summer – Light cotton
Winter – Woollen
Rainy – Warm light cotton
|Summer Season||April to June|
|Rainy Season||July to September|
|Winter Season||October to March|