Disaster Management

 

South District, being a hilly district is mostly affected by the natural disasters of land slide, flash flood, high speed wind, drought, forest fire and hail storm. Further, it lies under seismic zone IV which is known as a very high risk zone.  The District Disaster Management Committee has been formed under the Chairmanship of District Collector to evaluate the Disaster Preparedness for different type of Calamities at different times over a year that may occur. The Committee is the Pioneer Committee in the District to take stock of the situation, monitor routine preparedness, suggests improving response mechanism and develops a document for disaster management in the District.

WHY IT IS
At the outset of the Planning it can be referred to the preface given by District Collector that District Disaster Management Plan is inevitable. The only strong administrative units linkup between bottom & the top. There is no doubt about its formulation, vow for preparedness and commitment for its positive implementation at the hour of crisis. The plan is viable because it envisages the following factors critically from a practical point of view.
Risk assessment & Vulnerability analysis.
Establishing culture of quick and effective response.
Maintaining cohesiveness & uniformity in the formulation of a strategy taking a wide range of heterogeneous factors posed by a Disaster.

OBJECTIVES
An effective and realistic District Disaster Management Plan with full proof communication, authentic and accurate data base, documented and rehearsed to be activated in the shortest possible time with minimum simple orders and procedures ensuring active participation both by Government ,Community and Volunteers at all levels making optimum utilisation of men, material and available resources with no gaps or no over laps to prevent loss to lives and minimise loss to property ensuring fastest approach for rescue, rehabilitation & to avert further misereres of the calamity stricken people. There is a saying that a friend in need is a friend indeed. The DDMP like a true friend will obviously guide the entire machinery engaged for relief operation and input courage among the community to face the eventuality boldly.

TYPES OF DISASTERS

Disasters are a combined result of hazards and vulnerabilities. They occur when the adjustment capacity of the affected communities and individuals exceeds their ability to cope with a crisis. It is an extreme state of everyday life in which the continuity of community structures disrupts temporarily but trailing behind it a long-term infrastructure, economic development to maintain normalcy for years together.
 Types of Disasters: (Experienced in the District)

Common Natural Disasters
Man Made disasters
Earthquake
Fire – House /Forest
High Speed wind
Communal riot
Flash Flood
Accident – Road
Landslide
Epidemics
Hailstorm /whirl wind
Lightening/Thunderstorm
Drought

OPTIMUM STRATEGY
Optimum strategy is to be maintained by framing a District Disaster Management Plan to minimize loss of life and property. Officials from District Administration, Public, NGOs, CBOs, and Interest groups are monitored to stand in interaction with a view to play a major role in Disaster Mitigation. Broadly it has been divided into three major strategies: -
i. PRE DISASTER.
ii. DURING DISASTER.
iii. POST DISASTER.

PRE DISASTER i.e. Preparedness in “No – Disaster situation”
1. Formation of District Disaster Management Committee.
2. Formulation of District Disaster Management Plan for the current year.
3. Hazard Analysis & Resource Inventory.
4. Allocation of responsibilities to the individuals/Groups/Institutions/ Organizations/Voluntaries.
5. Broadly defining the responsibilities and operational Functions.
6. IEC Programme.
7. Training and capacity building
8. Logistic arrangement-Safe shelters (immediate/permanent), Food items like Rice, Chura & Biscuit, Drinking      water, Medical facilities, Clothing, Other essential commodities, Communication network like wireless      system/VHF, HAM-Radio, V-Sat, light Vehicle, Heavy vehicle, Fire Brigades Bull Dozers etc.
9. Preparation of Daily Situation Report.

DURING DISASTER
1. Functioning of District Control Room [DCR] & other Sub-Divisional/GP /Line Departmental Control Rooms.
2. Dissemination of Warning/Information.
3. Coordination meeting with officials at District Control Room in each 12 hours interval to monitor the situation.
4. Alerting CDMO/Line Department /Field Official to remain in readiness to gear up into action immediately after     abetment of crisis.
5. Immediate freezing of reasonable POL stock with different Petrol Pumps.
6. Rescue operation/ Evacuation by teams (already identified) providing infrastructural facility and movement to      rescue centres.
7. Management of Rescue shelters.
8. Monitoring Disaster Management by ensuring a line of Control through Police & Paramilitary forces, Fire      services, Civilians, NGOs and Essential Service Departments by District Collector.
9. Daily stock of the situation by District Magistrate and Addl.District Magistrate.
10. Administration of Relief.
11. Preparation of Daily Situation Report.

POST DISASTER
1. Assessment & enumeration of damage.
2. Distribution of Relief / Emergent Reliefs.
3. Monitoring Relief Operation organized by outside agencies /UN Agencies/Red Cross/ NGOs / PSUs / other      states etc through District Administration.
4. Restoration of Communication - Roads & Bridges
5. Restoration of Electronic communication system.
6. Immediate arrangement of free kitchen in the cutoff/shelter camps and inaccessible areas.
7. Ensuring transportation of Relief Materials to affected areas.
8. Ensuring safeguarding of belongings of the evacuees.
9. Maintenance of Law & Order.
10. Ensuring safe availability of Drinking water.
11. Provision of Medical facilities and Minimum sanitation.
12. Removal of debris and disposal of carcasses.
13. Helping the evacuees to return to their homes.
14. Special care to Children, Lactating Mothers, Old & infirm.
15. Meeting Officers of both Districts level and Field level in every 24 hours to take stock of the situation.
16. Collection of Information by a core group of DAC headed by DM/ SDMs and submission of daily situation        report to Govt.
17. Documentation of the entire event – Black & white/Audio & Video.
18. Check Memo.


DISTRICT SPECIFIC PRONENESS TO VARIOUS TYPES OF DISASTERS

TYPE OF HAZARD
POTENTIAL IMPACT
VULNERABILITY
VULNERABLE AREAS (District)
E
A
R
T
H
Q
U
A
K
E
Loss of crop, infrastructure, human and bovine life, livelihood system, houses, Pvt. Public property etc Communication network -  
Road network of the effected block.
Telephone connections.

Private & Public Infrastructures -

Kutcha Houses, Semi Kutcha Houses.

Irrigation Sources -
Private LI- Points, Govt. LI-Points. Electrical Installations.

Drinking Water sources -
Stream, pond, PHD/ Rural Supplies Water supplies.

Educational Institutes -
Primary Schools, M.E. Schools, High Schools, Colleges.

Live stock -
Cows, Buffalos, Goats/Sheep, Poultry Farms.

Vulnerable People -
Handicapped, Old/Aged, Pregnant, Sick and ailing/diseased, Children below 5 years.

Other vulnerable assets -
Steep slopes, minor Canal embankments, Irrigation Projects, Small scale industries.
Whole of the District
L
A
N
D
S
L
I
D
E
Loss of crop, infrastructure, human and bovine life, livelihood system, houses, Pvt. Public property etc

Communication network -
Road network of the effected block. Telephone connections.

Private Infrastructures -
Kutcha Houses, Semi Kutcha Houses.

Agriculture/Horticulture -
Crop (estimated Area), Others.

Irrigation Sources -
Private LI- Points, Govt. LI-Points.Electrical Installations.

Drinking Water sources -
Stream, pond, PHD/ Rural Supplies Water supplies

Educational Institutes -
Primary Schools, M.E. Schools, High Schools. Colleges.

Live stock -
Cows, Buffalos, Goats/Sheep, Poultry Farms.

Vulnerable People -
Handicapped, Old/Aged, Pregnant, Sick and ailing/diseased, Children below 5 years.

Other vulnerable assets -
Steep slopes, minor Canal embankments, Irrigation Projects, Small scale industries, PMRY units, Handloom Units, Cardamom plantations, paddy fields, Trees, orchards plantation.

Whole of the District
F
L
A
S
H
F
L
O
O
D
Loss of crop, infrastructure, human and bovine life, livelihood system ,houses, Pvt. Public property etc Communication network -
Road network. Telephone connections.

Private Infrastructures -
Kutcha Houses, Semi Kutcha Houses.

Agriculture -
Crop & Others.

Irrigation Sources -
Private LI- Points, Govt. LI-Points.
Electrical Installations.

Drinking Water sources -
Streams and ponds, PHD/ Rural water supplies, Stand Posts

Educational Institutes -
Primary Schools,High Schools, Colleges.

Live stock -
Cows, Buffalos, Goats/Sheep, Poultry Farms,

Vulnerable People -
Handicapped, Old/Aged, Sick and ailing/diseased, Pregnant, Children aged below 5.

Other vulnerable assets -
Embankments, Handloom Units Minor Irrigation Channels, cardamom plantations, Hydro- project.
Small scale industries, Textile Units, orchard plantation.


All over the District.
Thundering/
Lightening
  Loss of Human & bovine life. All over the District
Village Fire/ Forest fire Loss of property/Forest area/loss of animal and medicinal plants Loss of property & Life. Animal life and medicinal plants, lost of forest environment. Selected areas in the District.
DROUGHT Loss of crop, livelihood Crop Loss, Drinking water scarcity. Selected area in the District.
H
I
G
H
W
I
N
D
Loss of property/Forest area/loss of animal and medicinal plants Communication network -
Road network. Telephone connections.

Private Infrastructures -
Kutcha Houses, Semi Kutcha Houses.

Agriculture -
Crop & Others.

Vulnerable People -
Handicapped, Old/Aged Sick and ailing/diseased, Pregnant, Children aged below 5
All over the District.